Name: Reedijk, Jan Anthonie Johannes.
Born: Rotterdam on 14 May 1912
Oldest son of Gerrit Reedijk and Marie Cornelia Vogelaar, Rotterdam.
Father Gerrit died on 13 April 1929 at the age of 45. His Marie was pregnant at the time and there were already 9 children. In life Gerrit was Principal of the Dr. Woltjerschool in Rotterdam.
This is a photo of the Captain taking in the later part of his career.
After a 3 year secondary education Reedijk enters the Maritime School at Scheveningen (near The Hague) which in those days offered a one year training for those with 3 years of higher secondary education.
He obtains on 11 July 1930 his certificate as Cadet Officer and then has to go to sea to get his sailing days so he can sit for his 3rd Mate exam. He finds employment with the Holland America Line.
Date: Function: Ship: Wages and/or remarks.
28 Aug.1930 Cadet Officer Noorderdijk 52,–
23 Oct. 1930 Temporary ashore 52,–
17 Nov. 1930 Cadet Officer Drechtdijk 52,–
28 Oct. 1931 Temporary ashore to go to school for 3rd mates license
23 Feb. 1932 Passed the exam for 3rd mate license but dismissed by HAL due to ab over complete of Officers. The depression was biting hard and most of the cargo ships had been laid up. The company operated a last in – first out system for personnel and took no new hires. However there was the arrangement, if times were getting better than those dismissed would be given preference for re-employment. Other companies worked along similar lines. As a result there was no work at all out there for newly qualified Ship’s Officers. Everybody had to survive by different means until times would get better. Eventually un-employed 3rd officer Reedijk found work from March to Augustus 1933 as a Door to Door salesman of shoe brushes, shoe polish, shoe laces etc. By August he was fired from the job as he sold his whole stock in one go to a couple who was going to get married. He broke the rule of only being allowed to sell replacements.
However things were getting a little bit better in the commercial world and Holland America was sending more ships to sea. So he was offered a one voyage contract on the ss Veendam (II) shortly after his mis-adventure in the door to door sales business.
10 Aug. 1933 4th. Officer Veendam 105 ,– minus -5 %
This voyage was a regular Trans Atlantic crossing from Rotterdam, via Boulogne Sur Mer and Southampton to New York and back. Captain in command was Cornelis de Korver.
Out of work again he decided to go back to school to finish his secondary education. In those days the higher secondary education in the Netherlands was in steps. You were tested for a certain level of school and for a Maritime Academy you needed 3 years of education at the HBS. However the total course of a HBS certificate lasted for 5 years and therefore it was not a bad idea to complete the course. On 28 June 1935 the exams were successfully concluded.
As things were still not sufficiently perking up in the shipping sector HAL did not have placements available and so Mr. Reedijk now fully qualified enrolled in a training course to become a Police Detective. He did not followed the footsteps of Sherlock Holmes as HAL came finally docking at the door and finally offered full employment.
19 Aug. 1937 4th. Officer Volendam 92,–
01 Oct. 1937 According to new regulation 102,–
09 Jun. 1938 4th Officer Maasdam 102,–
19 Aug. 1939 Wage increase 104,50
12 Sept. 1938 4th Officer Drechtdijk 104,50
03 Jan. 1939 4th Officer Maasdam 104,50
17 Jan. 1939 3th Officer Spaarndam 132,–
By the time he joined the Spaarndam (II) the world was edging closer to war and when the 2nd world war broke out in October 1939 over Poland, German submarines started to lay mines. Although the Netherlands was neutral in the conflict and thus in theory not affected by the war, mines floated everywhere and where also a danger to neutral ships. The Spaarndam became the 2nd Holland America Line ship which hit a mine on 27 November while the ship was nearing the Downs (close to Dover, England) The Downs were a waiting area for ships which had to be inspected by the British Authorities who were very vigilant that no goods or passengers were carried that could benefit the enemy. The Spaarndam (Capt. F.H Dobbinga) catches fire and eventually sinks in shallow waters. There are six fatal casualties. Reedijk returns to Holland with those who survived.
04 jan 1940 3rd. Officer Burgerdijk 132,–
In January he is called back for his next assignment and joins on the 4th, the Burgerdyk. The ship left on the 9th. From Rotterdam for a voyage to New York and Boston. On the return voyage it is torpedoed on 10 February in the area of Bishops Rock on the English South coast by the German submarine U 48. A seven passengers and 44 crew are saved.
After return home he is assigned as Watch Officer on ships in port while the regular crew is on leave between voyages. (I assume this was done to ensure that he would be home for his wedding ED.)
04 March 3rd Officer Beemsterdijk 143,46
13 March 3rd Officer wage increase 143,50
16 March 1940 3rd Officer Statendam 143,50
On 20th. of March 1940 he marries Lijntje Schulp. The wedding and the house can be paid for with the danger money he received for surviving both the Spaarndam and Burgerdyk disasters. For each disaster he receives 1000 Dutch guilders (nearly a years wages) and the with the first fl 1000,– he was able to completely furnish his house and pay for the wedding.
Through the years the marriage is blessed with 9 children: Gertje, Nelly, Bert, Marijke, Jan, Willy, Anneke, Ton, and Coby.
He continues his port watch keeping as 3rd Officer until 07 may 1940, on the Statendam, Bilderdijk, Blommersdijk, Delftdijk and Drechtdijk.
On May 10, Nazi Germany invades the Netherlands and he is stuck at home in an occupied country. A good opportunity to return to school and to obtain his 2nd Mate’s license, which exam he passes on 07 Dec. 1940. After having no official employment for awhile he eventually gets a job (11 August 1940) with an Inspection Commission, which has been called into being to assess the damage caused by the bombardment of Rotterdam during the Invasion of the Netherlands between 10 and 15 May.
On 21 Sep. 1942 he starts working at the Job Finder Office of the Council of Rotterdam. During this period he manages to burn numerous registrations cards of those who would have been eligible for Forced Labor in Germany. Quite a dangerous thing to do as the Germans where actively searching by that time for un-married males who were then send to Germany to aid the war effort.
A sad day occurred when on 14 July 1943 his oldest son Gertje dies 2.5 year old during a fatal accident.
When the Netherlands are liberated in May 1945, he returns to sea on 24 may with a wage of fl. 217,–
Until 08 Aug. 1945 he was 3rd Officer on the Van Der Capelle, Edam (IV), Philp Wouwerman, Volendam (I), Van der Capelle and the Fort Orange. The Van der Capelle was the first Holland America Ship (in charter) to return to Rotterdam on May 23, so it can be assumed that Reedijk joined the ship around that time.
Promotion to 2nd Officer follows on 14 May 1946 with a wage of 285,–,–and then sails on the following ships:
14 May 1946 2nd Officer Sommelsdyk (III) 324,–
18 Apr. 1947 2nd Officer Noordam(II) 324,–
10 Dec. 1947 2nd Officer Blijdendyk(II) 332,–
Holland America needed new tonnage after the war and started purchasing a large number of cargo ships, so promotion was fast as long as you had the paperwork. Thus he returns to school in 1948 and passes on 10 July 1948 his Chief Mate’s License. 10 days later he is promoted to Eerste Stuurman (Chief Mate or First Officer) and is assigned to some of these newly acquired ships.
Then he sailed on the following ships.
20 July 1948 1st Officer Blijdendyk 404,–
21 July 1949 1st Offocer Arnedyk 425,–
26 Aug. 1949 1st Officer Duivendyk 425,–
13 Apr. 1950 1st Officer Eemdyk 446,50
24 Apr. 1950 1st Officer Duivendyk 446,50
31 Jan. 1951 1st Officer Volendam 479,–
24 Nov. 1951 1st Officer Aardyk 490,–
07 Dec. 1951 1st Officer Abbedyk 490,–
Promotion to Captain follows on 09 Jan. 1952 with his first being the Blommersdyk.
As captain he sailed on the following ships until Aug 1961:
9 Jan. 1952: Blommersdyk, 7 Jul. 1952: Eemdyk, 3 Oct. 1952: Arnedyk, 30 Oct. 1952: Axeldyk,
Then follows a transfer to the Soestdyk on 20 January 1953. This ship was employed in the New York Dutch East Indies route around that time and as crew was only relieved in Rotterdam, Capt. Reedijk was suddenly away for year as the ship did two round voyages in a row before it returned to Rotterdam.
Then follow: 12 July 1954: Andyk, 21 July 1954: Arnedyk, 22 Sep. 1954: Aalsdyk, 26 Sep. 1955: Arkeldyk, 17 Aug. 1956: Arkeldyk, 01 Nov. 1957: Kinderdyk,16 Nov. 1957: Akkrumdyk, 30 Jan. 1958: Noordam, 2 Apr. 1958: Sommelsdyk,23 Apr. 1959: Almdyk, 12 Oct. 1959: Diemerdyk, 7 Dec. 1960: Dalerdyk, 30 Dec. 1960: Dongedyk, 20 Jan. 1961: Dinteldyk, 10 Mar. 1961: Diemerdyk.
With growing senority comes the transfer to the passenger ships and after 15 Aug. 1961 he finds himself in command of the Noordam (II), Ryndam (II), and Groote Beer.
There are no dates or occasions mentioned on these photos but looking at the background it might have been on the Noordam (II).
Holland America finally moved from Hoboken across the river, to Manhattan when it leased a new pier constructed by the New York Port authority which had been built replacing a few older and smaller piers. The Pier was opened on 24 October 1962 and the Katsedyk was the first ship which docked at the new Holland America Line Pier shortly after.
Crown Princess Beatrix visited the Pier on 22 April 1963 when she paid an in-formal to New York. While she was there, there was the rather unusual situation of also having the ms Oranje docked at the HAL pier. This ship was owned by the Dutch company Stoomvaart Maatschappij Nederland (SMN) or Netherland Line and made a charter voyage to New York under HAL manangement.
(Behind Captain Reedijk (ms Noordam): Captain Donderdahl (ms Oranje) and Capt. Heymans (ss Nieuw Amsterdam)
Two examples of Holland America Line ships from those days:
He retired in 1970 but unfortunately retirement was short as he passed away untimely on 04 June 1972 due to a traffic accident.For those who visited him on board would clearly remember the series of 9 photos of all his children in a row.
Some of them must have liked what their father told them about the ship and the company, because:
- His son Bert joined the Holland Amerika Lijn from 1962 until 1966 as a marine engineer, mainly working on the ss Rotterdam (V).
- His daughter Marijke worked for Hal in the HR dept. in the Rotterdam office.
- His son Jan worked for HAL in 1966/1967, before starting his study at Memphis University, as a steward and also worked as a Hospital Steward on the ss Rotterdam
With a big thank you to Mr. Bert Reedijk who provided much of the above information.
- HAL archives Rotterdam. (Stamboeken & Mouvement Books)
- Author’s Archives. (a, c, d, f, h, i)
- Mr. B. Reedijk (son of Capt. Reedijk) (Photos b, e, g, j )