Abelskamp. Johannes Reinier
Johannes “Jan” Reinier Abelskamp was born on 27 July 1911 in the city of Arnhem, which is located near the German border. His father was working as a Lithographer in this city. His name was Derk Jan so it is not exactly clear where the names Johannes Reinier came from.
He had a sister Hendrika Albertina (born 21 April 1908) and a 2nd sister Antonia Geertruida (born 26 August 1909) (b)
Between 07 may 1913 and 11 October 1915 the whole family lives in Amsterdam, after a short spell in the city of Utrecht but then moves again and now to Zupthen also in the East of the Netherlands. However the parents must have returned to Arnhem sometime later as in 1941 his father is noted as living in Arnhem again.
He follows his maritime training at the Navigation School on the island of Schiermonnikoog in the far north of the Netherlands. Way is unknown, as it is much harder to travel from there to Arnhem as from Amsterdam or Rotterdam which is only a direct train ride away. (ED: looking at the school photo below, where he is in civvies, it strengthens belief that he had family on the island so he did not have to stay in the schools dormitory and wear a uniform.
He then joins the Holland America Line on 19 September 1929 as cadet and is assigned to the Veendijk. Then the Wall Street crash occurs and after obtaining his 3rd mate’s certificate he can not go back to the HAL as there is a personnel stop but is put on the list of “Prospective Officers” in March 1931 . He will have more than 5 years before there is an opening again.
GAP It is unknown as of yet what de did in this period. There is some un-confirmed information that he took a job as a sailor on a local coaster.
On 30 October 1936 he is hired on temporary basis as 4th. officer and assigned to the ss Veendam (II). This assignment is made permanent 3 months later when he is assigned to the ss Maasdam. Promotion to 3rd. officer follows in 1937 with an assignment to the Breedyk. Holland America now had its whoel fleet back into service and was working on fleet expansion.
GAP his sailing period between 1937 and 1940 still has to be added.
Because there are no public records for the period after 1937, it is not known yet which ships he sailed on between 1937 and 1940.
we know he was sailing on the ss Edam when they collected the survivors of the ss Breedyk which had been hit by a mine. These survivors were taken back to Holland and as the ship was filled to capacity, they officers on board doubled up to provide sleeping space.
But then war records indicate that he was assigned to the ss Volendam (I) by April 1940. He will spent the first four years of the war on this ship. The ship is taken into ware service on 10 May 1940 when Nazi Germany invaded the Netherlands. One of the first actions the ship is involved in is, is the transport of Children from England to Canada to et away from the bombardments. While on this mission, the ship is torpedoed on 31 Aug. 1940 by the German submarine U-60.
In spring 1941 he finds himself ashore in Falmouth to obtain his 2nd Mate’s license. Then sometime before he must has met a British Lady as by 31 August 1941 he starts sending monthly allotments to a Mrs, Dorothy Shaw of £ 42.10 which was increased to £ 60,– on 31 Jan. 1945. She is noted in his war record as being his wife and the address at that time: “The Savona” Mount Suard (or Mount Stuard) Road, Rothesay, Isle of Bute, Scotland. (ED: the address still exists but it would need a census search to trace anything further. She also received a back payment started on 08 Aug. 1941 so did he marry during his study period after April 1941.
GAP no sailing information until he made captain in
on 22 March 1950 he is awarded the “The Ruyter” medal in silver. This medal in gold and silver is the highest recognition given out by the Maritime Industry outside the Government. On 12 January 1950 while on watch on board the ss Almdyk he hears screams coming from the water while passing Sheerness on the Thames. He discovers a number of people in the water, warns the captain and orders a boat to be lowered. The weather is foggy but calm but there is a strong current running in the Thames. Due to the careful watchkeeping of Chief Officer Abelskamp, six people are saved. They turn out to be crew members of HMS Truculent. If he had not heard their screaming they would not have survived in the cold and fast running water.
This British Royal ship was returning to Chatham after a trial trip with a full crew on board and 18 dockyard workers. at 19.00 hrs. She collided with the Swedish Oil Tanker Davina who was outbound for Ipswich on the English East coast. 57 crew were swept away in the strong current; 15 survivors were picked up by the Davina and five by the Almdijk. most of the crew survived going into the water, but then froze to death on the mud lands of the banks of the river Thames. In total 64 men died. the ship itself was beached but later sold for scrap. The later inquiry put 75% of the blame on the navy vessel and 25% of the blame on the merchant ship. (c)
Then his name appears in 1952 when he registers an application for a patent for a Grainfeeder for ocean going ship. (e) There seems to have been problems with loading ships evenly with bulk cargos such as grain when the ships were loading at anchor on at docks which were not protected from the ocean swell. The ship would then continue to roll or pitch alongside the dock. This could then result in a listing ship during loading or a shifting cargo when the ship left the dock and its movement would change when the cargo started to fill up open spaces in the cargo hold. The idea of this grain feeder was that the pressure of the grain itself in the pipe would provide such a momentum of the grain when coming out of the pipe that is would be pushed to all corners of the cargo hold and evenly fill the whole hold, even with moving ship. It is unknown if this machine was ever constructed and used.
Promotion to captain follows in
years 1962 and onwards. ED: have to found any sailing records yet.
Passed away on 19 February 1989.
- (a) Stamboek, war records and Movement books Personnel Hal Archives as held by the Municipal archives of the city of Rotterdam.
- (b) A Kruidhof
- (c) Book: Honderd jaar De Ruytermedaille by Ir. Drs. P.P de Boer
- (d) USA Application December 5, 1952 Serial No. 324,378 17 claims (CL 114-75) Reusable Grainfeeder fo Ocean going ships.
- (e) Photo collection of Author.
Sailing List: (a)
Date: Function: Ship: Wages and/or remarks.
19 Sep. 1929 Cadet Veendijk 52,–
29 jun. 1930 Temporary Ashore 52,–
14 Jul. 1930 Cadet Binnendijk 52,–
15 Nov. 1930 Ashore for Study for 3rd mates certificate
14 Mar. 1931 Passed exam for 3rd mate.
15 Mar. 1931 Added to the list of prospective officers, but dismissed due to the situation of the times.
30 Oct. 1936 4th. officer Veendam 92,– on temporary basis.
21 Dec. 1936 4th. Officer Maasdam 92,–
26 Mar. 1937 4th. officer Breedijk 92,–
20 Jun. 1937 Temporary ashore 92,–
25 Jun. 1937 3rd officer Burgerdijk 118,–
01 Oct. 1937 According to new regulation 132,–
xx Jun. 1939 Promoted to 2nd Officer
xx.Feb.1940 2nd Officer Edam
01 Apr. 1940 2nd Officer Volendam
10 Jul. 1940 2nd Officer Sr. Volendam (departing New York)
09 Apr. 1941 Obtains 2nd Mates Certificate at Falmouth
01 Jan. 1943 Wage Increase to fl 232,–
30 Nov. 1943 2nd Officer Volendam (departing New York)
19 Feb. 1944 2nd Officer Volendam (departing New York)
08 Mar. 1944 2nd Officer Volendam (departing New York)
16 Jan. 1944 2nd Officer On leave
xx Feb. 1944 Obtains First Mate (Captains) Certificate
18 Feb. 1944 2nd Officer Volendam until 29 Oct. 1944
18 Dec. 1944 2nd Officer Nieuw Amsterdam
xx. Jan. 1950 Chief Officer Almdyk
05 Jul. 1951 Captain Blijdendyk until 16 Dec. 1962
14 Feb. 1953 Captain Arnedyk
29 May.1954 Captain Akkrumdyk until 04 Jun. (coastal voyage)
19 Nov.1954 Captain Appingedyk until 25 nov. (coastal voyage)
24 Dec. 1954 Captain Eemdyk until 24 Mar. 1955
15 Apr. 1955 Captain Aardyk until 03 June
10 Nov. 1956 Captain Appingedyk until 08 Feb. 1957
returns home from New York as passenger on board the ms Westerdam (I)
03 Jul. 1958 Chief Officer Kinderdyk until 11 Apr. 1959
09 Jun. 1959 Captain Kinderdyk until 05 May. 1960
17 May.1960 Captain Appingedyk until 16 July 1962 (Ship sold)
28 Jul. 1962 Captain Amsteldyk until 16 Nov. 1962
02 Dec. 1962 Captain Dalerdyk until 15 Dec. 1962 (coastal voyage)
20 Jan. 1963 Captain Arkeldyk until 16 Feb 1962 (coastal voyage)
17 Mar. 1962 Captain Alblasserdyk until 03 May 962
08 Jun. 1962 Captain Alblasserdyk until 28 Dec. 1962
22 Aug. 1965 Captain Gaasterdyk until 10 Dec. 1965