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Ocean Liner History and Stories from the Sea, Past and Present. With an In Depth focus on Holland America Line

Duit, Wibrandus

Captain Wibrandus Duit (a)

This is one of the early captains of Holland America and hence came in from the outside in 1888 when he was 26 years old.  He was born on 09 April 1862 at Oude Pekela in the Dutch Province of Groningen. He was the son of Derk Duit and Frouwina Prange.  We know of 7 other childeren. Jan (1853), Jakob (1854), Hendrika Catharina (1855), Anania (1857), Derk ( 1865),  Wemelina (1868) and Harm (1884) (f)

The area he was born in was one of large families and with not enough work locally, it was either living in poverty or going to sea. The Council Registers indicate that there were six brothers and sisters. As result there was a very large seafaring community in the area and the centre of everything was the town of Veendam located nearby.  Holland America employed several captains who came from this area, especially in the years before 1900.

Thus Wlbrandus went to a maritime school somewhere (most likely Veendam) and joined the large sailing fleet operated out of the area. Many of these sailing ships sailed to the Baltic for wood cargo’s and related in the summer time. The large ships were normally docked in Rotterdam. The Holland America records give that he obtained his First Mate Unlimited Sailing Certificate on 14 June 1888. That would also been enough to sail on the Steamships as “steam training” was only slowly starting around this time at the Maritime Schools.

In the same year on 01 March 1888 he marries at his hometown Trijntje Sterrenberg (Locally born on 11 Apr. 1868 as the daughter of the local innkeeper Sarenus Sterrenberg and Zwaantje Duit), There were in total 4 children and here we see proof that most of the HAL officers and captains from those days knew each other very well. To make this story complete, the mother of his wife, Trijntje was also a Duit. Her father  had a brother, Garrelt Janssen Duit and his son was John Garrelt Duit (1842 – 1922) who also became a captain.

Son Derk was born on 20 July 1887 at Oude Pekela. He became an engineer (tba if he also worked for HAL) and he later married Hendrika Geertuida Kok on 29 December 1921.

Daughter Zwaantje was born on 04 December 1888 at Oude Pekela. She married Lambertus Rijnink on 22 September 1910. Lambertus Rijnink also sailed for Holland America Line and became captain. He can be found under his own heading on this website.

By now Chief Officer Duit had moved his family to Rotterdam. Understandable as it was not an easy journey to go from Rotterdam to Oude Pekela between voyages.

In Rotterdam was born:

Daughter Frouwina Hendrika born on 11 November 1891 At Rotterdam  and she married Aldert Andre Potjer on 04 November 1915. He was family of the Holland America Line Captains Andries and  Aldert Potjer (See also on this website) Andre also went to sea but for the Netherland Line out of Amsterdam.

The last child was Saernia Pietronella born on 18 March 1894 at Rotterdam and she married Willem Meulkens on 16 March 1916. (Editor: I believe he also went to sea as there is a Willem Meulkens who finished the Maritime Academy together with Lambertus Rijnink. (a)

The ss Edam (2) This is a photo of a drawing/painting as there are no photos known of this ship.

Shortly after his wedding Wibrandus joined the Holland America Line as a 3rd Officer. This first ship was the ss Edam and two years later he does a fill in voyage on the P. Caland as Captain. Then he remains Acting Captain (e.g. fill ins) for a considerable time as the company loses some ships and there is no expansion only replacement.

In September 1896 he receives his permanent assignment as Master but then the ship is sold and he returns as Chief Officer only to be promoted again shortly after. This assignment on lasts for a month as then the records show that he was relieved of command and put on standby. This could be for various reasons but then in April he is dismissed from the company. (In Holland America language, this can mean he was dismissed or he resigned)

The ss Veendam (I) This ship had joined the company in 1889 and was considered one of the most luxurious company ships until the arrival of the ss Statendam in 1898

Shortly after he is on record as being captain of the ss Heelsum of the Amsterdam based company Maatschappij Oostzee. With this  company he stays until 1903 and then the records stop. (d)

Only to resurface again in 1910 when he is still sailing for the same company but now on the ss Farmsum.  He was summoned to attend a meeting of the Dutch board of Inquiry inregards of  shifting and the loss of a deck cargo of wood during a storm on the North Sea. The captain was considered not guilty in this case but the company was warned to be more careful with the height of storing deck cargo,

Captain Wibrandus Duit passed away on 01 October 1912 at Rotterdam. The death announcement in the newpapers indicate that he passed away after a long illness; was a grand father and had been married for a 2nd time.  He was buried on 07 October at the Crooswijk Cemetery in Rotterdam.

The ss Farmsum of Maatschappij Oostzee in Amstetrdam. (e)



  • (a) The only photo that is known of Captain Duit. Various versions of this photo float around in researcher circles but it might be that the original rests with the Maritime Museum in Rotterdam.
  • (b) A Kruidhof for the Genealogy Information
  • (c) HAL personnel records as held by the City Archive of Rotterdam
  • (d) Piet’s Scheepvaartindex    www.scheepvaartindex.com
  • (e) Marhisdata.com
  • (f) Mr. Dave Duit (see below in the comment section)

Sailing Dates .c.

Date:                     Function:                             Ship:                                      Wages and/or remarks.

27 Jun. 1888        3rd officer                            Edam                                     40,–

03 Nov. 1888      2nd officer                            Edam                                     60,–

31 May 1889       Temporary dismissed

01 Jul. 1889         Chief Officer                      P. Caland                             100,–

14 Feb. 1890       Captain                                 P. Caland                             100,–    Temporary

(One voyage from 15 February until 29 March due to illness of Captain Ponsen)

29 Mar. 1890      Relieved of command

18 Apr. 1890       Chief Officer                      Obdam                                 100,–

19 Jun. 1890        Chief Officer                      Obdam                                 110,–

19 Nov. 1890      Dismissed

Xx Dec. 1890       Temporary working ashore

01 Jan. 1891        Act. Captain                        Zaandam                             200,–    later on permanent

26 Jan. 1895        Temp. Chief Officer        Veendam                            200,–

08 Jan. 1896        Act. Captain                        Veendam                            200,–

09 Feb. 1896       Temp. Chief officer         Veendam                            200,–

23 Sep.  1896      Captain                                 Schiedam                            200,–

03 Aug. 1897       Due to sale of the Schiedam temporary ashore

07 Oct. 1897        Temporary chief officer Veendam                        200,–

16 Nov. 1897      Captain                                 Veendam                            200,–

19 Dec. 1897       Relieved of command of the ss Veendam and put on standby

20 Apr. 1898       Dismissed.

xx.xxx.1899          Captain                                  Heelsum                              Maatschappij Oostzee Amsterdam

xx.xxx.1900          Captain                                   Loppersum                         Maatschappij Oostzee Amsterdam


xx.xxx.1910           Captain                                 Farmsum                             Maatschappij Oostzee Amsterdam


  1. The Duits had a history of ships and sailing in the 1800s. Captin Johann Garrelt Duit was the captain of the Sarah and the Margaret ships in the Holland area near Emden, Germany. If anyone has any information or pics of Captin Johann Garrelt Duit and either of his ships, please contact me at daveduit@yahoo.com
    My sister and I have been working on our genealogy and trying to find as many documents and pictures as possible

  2. I have connections about Wibrandus’ family tree. Wibrandus had 7 siblings:
    Jan Duit 1853-1934
    Hinderika Catharina Duit 1855
    Anania Duit 1857
    Jakob Duit 1854
    Derk Duit 1865
    Wemelina Duit 1868
    Harm Duit 1884
    Wibrandus married Trijntje Sterrenberg and they had four children:
    Derk Duit 1887
    Zwaantje Duit 1888-1958
    Frowina Hendrika Duit 1891-1961
    Sarenia Pietroneva Duit 1894-1948

    Wibrandus’ wife Trijntje Sterrenberg’s parents were Sarenus Sterrenberg 1840-1910 and Zwaatje Duit 1848-1907. This Zwaantje Duit of 1848-1907 parents were Engelke Jans Duit of 1818-1888 and Trijntje Jacobs Vietor 1821-1892. Engelke Jans Duit’s brother was Garrelt Janssen Duit. Garrelt Janssen Duit’s son was Captin John Garrelt Duit of 1842-1922. So, Captain Wibrandus was Captain John Garrelt Duit’s second cousin. Captin Garrelt Duit was my Great – great grandpa. His ships were the Margarete and the Sarah. The family lineage is found on familysearch.org. There was also another Duit in the tree we believe was a Captain, Harm Duit. Other Duits were involved with ships in the area.
    Dave Duit

    • Thank you very much for all these additions. I will add them to the narration. It was very hard to try to distill the correct information for this captain from what is on line. Too many Duits out there and sometimes conflicting info.

      Thank you and best regards

      Captain Albert

      • Thank you Captain Albert for adding our information. We now have Captain Johann Duit’s ship logs, thanks to my aunt’s old cedar chest.
        Dave Duit

  3. Nice to find some information about my family on this website. Harm was not born in 1884 but in 1851. Frouwina died in 1873 at sea presumably together with her daughter Wemelina. Derk died in 1877 at his hometown of Oude Pekela. Their son Jan (1853) is my great-great-grandfather. also a captain and a sibling of Wibrandus. I do have a picture of Jan and his family.
    I’ll list all the children of Frouwina and Derk below.
    Harm 15-11-1851 died 22-11-1908
    Jan 05-04-1853 died 14-01-1934
    Hinderika Catherina 19-01-1855 died 29-10-1872
    Anania 10-12 1856 died 6-9-1882
    Jacob 19-03-1959 died 09-04-1918
    Wibrandus 09-04-1862 died 01-10-1912
    Derk 13-12-1865 died 22-12-1947
    Wemelina 22-07-1868 died at sea 19-09-1873

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